The Medical Effects of the Nagasaki Atomic Bombing
Medical aspect
The Effects of the Nagasaki Atomic Bombing on the Human Body
Acute phase
Rate of deaths due to the atomic bomb
Frequency of acute symptoms
Bone marrow
Early phase of late effects
Atomic bomb cataract
Chromosomal aberrations
Late atomic bomb effects
Thyroid cancer
Breast cancer
Stomach cancer
Excess relative risk of malignant tumors by site
Multiple primary cancers
Mental effects
Physical aspect
Physical damages
Map of damage
Physical effects
Blast wind
Heat rays
Atomic bomb survivor database
Estimation of radiation dose using the ESR signal from teeth
Radiation dose and death rate
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Mental effects
A self-administered questionnaire survey conducted in 52 years after the atomic bombing revealed that atomic bomb exposure conditions, experiences at the time of bombing, current lifestyle factors and current living conditions have affected survivors' mental health. The frequency of subjects with a high GHQ-12 (12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire) score was higher in those exposed within 2 km of the hypocenter (10.6%) than in those exposed at 2.1 to 3 km from the hypocenter (9.4%) and those exposed 3.1 km or further from the hypocenter (7.2%).
[Honda, S. et al., Psychiatry Clin Neurosci, 56 (5), 575-83, 2002]
Frequency of subjects with a high GHQ-12 score by the distance of place
of exposure from the hypocenter
A tooth from an atomic bomb survivor
Atomic Bomb Disease Institute